Climate: When To Visit Uganda
When to visit and Climate of Uganda
Uganda’s climate is generally classified as equatorial with some parts experiencing semi-desert conditions. The equatorial climate is experienced in areas around Lake Victoria basin covering areas such as Jinja, Kalangala, Ssese islands, Kamuli, Mukono,Entebbe, Kampala, Kayunga as well as Wakiso. These areas have high humidity, temperatures ranging between 20°c to 32°c(maximum) and 12°c to 18°c(minimum) in addition to two rainfall maxima which is about1000mm- 2000mm per annum experienced in March-May(first rains which are heavier)and September-November. These areas have two dry seasons between June-August and December-February. Areas in this climatic zone have thick and luxuriant vegetation.
Uganda also referred to as “The Pearl of Africa” is located in Eastern Africa; bordered by Kenya in the East, South Sudan in the North, The Democratic Republic of Congo in the West, Rwanda in Southwest and Tanzania in the South, with Kampala as its capital city. It’s the heart of the Great lakes region and is surrounded by three of these lakes; Lake Victoria, Lake Edward and Lake Albert. Uganda; though much of its border is lake shore, it is a landlocked country with no access to the sea.
Uganda is composed of varying relief features which range from the highest mountains of Rwenzori, Elgon, Muhavura and Moroto to the hills and Great Plains of central Uganda and the rift valley floor. This therefore impacts differently on the climatic experiences in those different areas.
Because of the heterogeneous nature of Uganda’s landscape, there’s a wide variation in climate experienced in various parts of the country.
Uganda’s climate therefore is generally classified as equatorial with some parts experiencing semi-desert conditions. The equatorial climate is experienced in areas around Lake Victoria basin covering areas such as Jinja, Kalangala, Ssese islands, Kamuli, Mukono, Entebbe,Kampala, Kayunga as well as Wakiso. These areas have high humidity, temperatures ranging between 20°c to 32°c (maximum) and 12°c to 18°c (minimum) in addition to two rainfall maxima which is about 1000mm – 2000mm per annum experienced in March-May (first rains which are heavier) and September-November. These areas have two dry seasons between June-August and December-February. Areas in this climatic zone have thick and luxuriant vegetation.
There’s also tropical savanna climate which is experienced in the largest parts of the country. Areas in this climatic zone include Nakasongola, Sembabule, Lira, Hoima, Masindi, and Kitgum among others. These areas receive relatively low rainfall totals not exceeding 1000mm per annum and relatively high temperatures.
Semi-desert climate is also experienced in some parts of Uganda especially in north-eastern like the districts of Kotido, Moroto, Kabongo and in the cattle corridor districts of Kiruhura, Lyantonde, Lwengo, Buliisa as well as Semuliki valley. These areas are characterized by low and unreliable rainfall amounts ranging between 325-620mm per annum, low humidity, high and abnormal temperatures above 35°c with a high diurnal temperature range. These areas have got a longer dry period of 6-8 months with shrub and thicket as the form of vegetation.
Other regions especially the mountainous areas experience the modified equatorial climate. Such areas involve the slopes of Mt.Rwenzori in Kasese district, Mt.Muhavura in Kisoro district and Mt.Elgon in Kapchorwa on the border with Kenya. Other regions include; West Nile, Kigezi highlands, parts of Mbarara, andsome areas around Lake Kyoga. It’s sometimes called the Montane climate.These areas receive from heavy to moderate rainfall throughout the year ranging between 1000mm-1500mm per annum. There are clear distinct seasons –dry and wet season and with two rainfall maxima received in the months of March-May and September-November. Two dry seasons are a characteristic of this climate region that’s; June-August and December-February.
Generally, most of the tourist destinations in Uganda with the exception of Kidepo Valley National Park are situated in areas characterized by both Equatorial and Tropical Savannah climate with wet seasons experienced in March-May and September –November.
The rest of the Months are dry with the exception of Kigezi highlands in south western Uganda and some areas around Lake Victoria where it can rain at any time of the Year.
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Acquiring a Visa
There’s an East African Visa that allows all non residents to move through East African countries including Rwanda, Uganda, Kenya and Rwanda if you have to cross borders. But for non residents entering Uganda, you can get a visa at entry points for US$100 or online.
Uganda is generally free from any health risk/hazard. There are no current existing epidemics in all the safari destination areas. However, we advise that you take the following health information crucial for your health safety while on your visit to Uganda.